James Abbott McNeill Whistler

James Abbott McNeill WhistlerBorn in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1834, James Abbott McNeill Whistler became one of the most influential late 19th-century American painters and etchers. He lived primarily in England. Whistler worked in a wide variety of styles that included Impressionism, Symbolism, and Art Nouveau.

He was especially influential in the Tonalist movement and was a catalyst for those who wanted to break away from prescribed academic methods, credited with being the first American modernist to influence European art. His style was independent of realism and of those such as John Ruskin who thought art should have a moral purpose. To many his paintings were a mystery because they seemed dreamy, abstract, and somewhat ghost-like.

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James M Whistler

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